Low Carb = Increased Fat Burning & Insulin Sensitivity

Keeping blood sugar low, keeps insulin low, which allows enzymes, amino acids, and hormones to stimulate FAT BURNING.

Specifically, low insulin levels activate:

  • Glucagon – dusts off ‘stored fat’ from the attic and preps it to burn as energy. Inhibited when blood sugar is high (and insulin present), and stimulated when blood sugar is low (hunger). Prompts the release of sugar from the liver and fatty acids from fat stores
  • Hormone-Sensitive Lipase – helps release fatty acids into the bloodstream, unlike it’s sister hormone, lipoprotein lipase which is stimulated by insulin and shoves fatty acids in the bloodstream into fat cells.
  • Carnitine – acts as the cab driver, bringing previously stored fat to the various cells to use as fuel

Aside from stimulating fat burning, refraining from spikes in blood sugar improves your cells receptiveness to insulin.  Think of it as insulin playing ‘hard to get,’ and the cell receptors starting to take notice:

Insulin: “I’m not going to the dance. I already have plans that night.”

Cell Receptors: “He’s so mysterious!”

This process is called, up-regulation, and you could say the cells are becoming more ‘insulin-sensitive.’  Generally speaking, individuals with a higher degree of insulin sensitivity, are more ‘carbohydrate tolerant.’ Meaning, when they consume carbs, their cells (specifically muscle cells) are more responsiveness to insulin.  Not only upregulating glucose faster, but utilizing it more effectively.

Fortunately, we all have the ability to increase our level of insulin sensitivity.

This study put diabetic patients on a low-carbohydrate diet that helped them improve their insulin sensitivity by 75%!

UNfortunately, we also have the ability to increase our level of insulin resistance. And with no prevention or reversal plan, potentially develop the Type 2 Diabetes or Heart Disease that follows it.

This study found that those consuming a high glycemic (carbohydrate) diet, had nearly double the risk of developing diabetes, to those consuming a low glycemic one.

The only question is, which will you pursue?

Stay Lean!

Coach Mike


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